CSR Member Login - Click Here

Counselling Theory

103 – Attachment Styles

Attachment Styles Explained for Student Counsellors -

103 – Attachment Styles Future of Counselling Qualifications –Importance of Feelings in Counselling In episode 103 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken Kelly and Rory Lees-Oakes talk about the future of counselling qualifications. Next – in ‘Practice Matters’ – Rory describes attachment styles. Last, the presenters discuss why we focus on feelings (as opposed to narrative/story)…

Read More

080 – Counselling Clients with Domestic Violence

Counselling Tutor Podcast 80: counselling clients with domestic violence - A woman with her hands covering her face

080 – Domestic Abuse – Trauma-Informed Practice – Cognitive Dissonance In episode 80 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken Kelly and Rory Lees-Oakes talk about counselling clients who are affected by domestic abuse. ‘Practice Matters’ discusses trauma-informed practice. Last, the presenters explain cognitive dissonance. Free Download: Trauma-Informed PracticeClick here to download your Trauma-Informed Practice handout…

Read More

076 – When to Break Confidentiality in Counselling

Counselling Tutor Podcast Ep76 - when to break confidentiality in counselling. A black file folder with a padlock

076 – Working with Clients’ Defences – Limits to Confidentiality – Key Principles of the Person-Centred Approach In episode 76 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken Kelly and Rory Lees-Oakes discuss how to spot and work with clients’ defences. ‘Practice Matters’ then investigates the limits to confidentiality in counselling. Finally, the presenters discuss the key…

Read More

075 – Psychodynamic Approach to Counselling

Counselling Tutor Podcast Ep75 - Psychodynamic approach to counselling. A massive iceberg with most of it underwater

075 – Psychodynamic Theory – Transference – Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs In episode 75 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken Kelly and Rory Lees-Oakes talk about psychodynamic theory. ‘Practice Matters’ then delves into transference, before the presenters discuss Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Free Download: Working with TransferenceClick here to download your Working with Transference…

Read More

074 – Self-Concept in Counselling

Counselling Tutor Podcast 74 Self-Concept in Counselling. A woman's eye reflected in a mirror.

074 – Self-Concept – Attending – Unconditional Positive Regard In episode 74 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken Kelly and Rory Lees-Oakes talk about self-concept, as written about by Carl Rogers. ‘Practice Matters’ examines attending. Last, the presenters discuss unconditional positive regard (UPR). Free Download: The Skill of Attending ExplainedClick here to download your Skill…

Read More

071 – Working with Grief and Loss

Counselling Tutor Podcast Ep71 – Dual-Process Model of Bereavement – Hard-to-Help Clients – Dementia and Validation Therapy

071 – Dual-Process Model of Bereavement – Hard-to-Help Clients – Dementia and Validation Therapy In episode 71 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken Kelly and Rory Lees-Oakes talk about the dual-process model of bereavement. ‘Practice Matters’ focuses on hard-to-help clients. Finally, the presenters discuss working with clients with dementia, including using validation therapy. Free Download:…

Read More

070 – Contracting in Counselling

Counselling Tutor Podcast 070 – Recording and Transcribing Sessions – Contracting in Counselling – Philosophy of the Cognitive-Behavioural Approach

070 – Transcribing Sessions – Contracting in Counselling – Cognitive-Behavioural Approach In episode 70 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken Kelly and Rory Lees-Oakes offer tips on recording and transcribing counselling sessions. ‘Practice Matters’ discusses the important contents of a counselling contract. Last, the presenters discuss the philosophy that underlies cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT). Free Download: Contracting…

Read More

068 – Expressive Therapies – Reviews in Counselling – Working with Goals

Counselling Tutor Podcast 068 – Expressive Therapies – Reviews in Counselling – Working with Goals

068 – Expressive Therapies – Reviews in Counselling – Working with Goals In episode 68 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken Kelly and Rory Lees-Oakes talk about the strengths and hazards of expressive therapy, before ‘Practice Matters’ examines reviews in counselling. Then, the presenters discuss goal-setting with clients. Free Download: Reviewing ProgressClick here to download…

Read More

063 – Patterns of Relating – Cyber Trauma – When Your Moral Compass Shifts

Counselling Tutor Podcast Ep 063 – Patterns of Relating – Cyber Trauma – When Your Moral Compass Shifts

063 – Patterns of Relating – Cyber Trauma – When Your Moral Compass Shifts In episode 63 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken Kelly and Rory Lees-Oakes offer guidance on the meaning of the term ‘patterns of relating’. ‘Theory with Rory’ looks at the new area of cyber trauma. Finally, the presenters discuss the life-changing…

Read More

061 – Ethical Dilemmas versus Ethical Conflicts – Rackets and Stamps in Transactional Analysis – Id, Ego and Superego

Counselling Tutor Podcast 061 – Ethical Dilemmas versus Ethical Conflicts – Rackets and Stamps in Transactional Analysis – Id, Ego and Superego

061 – Ethical Dilemmas versus Ethical Conflicts – Rackets and Stamps in Transactional Analysis – Id, Ego and Superego In episode 61 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken Kelly and Rory Lees-Oakes explain the difference between ethical dilemmas and ethical conflicts, and how you can deal with these. ‘Theory with Rory’ looks at rackets and…

Read More

060 – Self-Care for Counsellors – Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development – Comparing and Contrasting Humanistic Models

Counselling Tutor Podcast 060 – Self-Care for Counsellors – Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development – Comparing and Contrasting Humanistic Models

060 – Self-Care for Counsellors – Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development – Comparing and Contrasting Humanistic Models   In episode 60 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken Kelly and Rory Lees-Oakes discuss how to look after yourself as a counsellor, especially when you are experiencing difficult events in your own life. ‘Theory with Rory’ presents…

Read More

059 – When Your Personal Beliefs Differ from the Client’s – Eugene Gendlin’s Focusing – Hitting Awarding-Body Criteria

Counselling Tutor Podcast 059 – When Your Personal Beliefs Differ from the Client’s – Eugene Gendlin’s Focusing – Hitting Awarding-Body Criteria

059 – When Your Personal Beliefs Differ from the Client’s – Eugene Gendlin’s Focusing – Hitting Awarding-Body Criteria In episode 59 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken and Rory discuss how to offer unconditional positive regard (UPR) when your client has very different personal beliefs from your own. ‘Theory with Rory’ looks at the work…

Read More

057 – Explicit versus Implicit – Existentialism – Science behind Person-Centred Counselling

Counselling Tutor Podcast 057 – Explicit versus Implicit – Existentialism – Science behind Person-Centred Counselling

057 – Explicit versus Implicit – Existentialism – Science behind Person-Centred Counselling In episode 57 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken and Rory talk about the difference between ‘explicit’ and ‘implicit’. ‘Theory with Rory’ discusses existentialism. Last, the presenters explain the science behind person-centred counselling. Free Download: 5 Ideas in Existential CounsellingClick here to download…

Read More

056 – Spotting Subtle Themes in Counselling – Experiments in Gestalt Therapy – Skills in Existential Therapy

Counselling Tutor Podcast 056 – Spotting Subtle Themes in Counselling – Experiments in Gestalt Therapy – Skills in Existential Therapy

056 – Spotting Subtle Themes in Counselling – Experiments in Gestalt Therapy – Skills in Existential Therapy In episode 56 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken and Rory talk about how to spot subtle themes in counselling. ‘Theory with Rory’ discusses experiments in gestalt therapy. Finally, the presenters talk about useful skills in existential therapy.

Read More

054 – Mobile Phones in the Therapy Room – Separation Individuation Theory – When Clients Come to Therapy Reluctantly

Counselling Tutor Podcast 054 – Mobile Phones in the Therapy Room – Separation Individuation Theory – When Clients Come to Therapy Reluctantly

054 – Mobile Phones in the Therapy Room – Separation Individuation Theory – When Clients Come to Therapy Reluctantly In episode 54 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken and Rory discuss how to deal with clients who check their mobile phones during therapy sessions. ‘Theory with Rory’ explains Margaret Mahler’s separation individuation theory. Finally, the…

Read More

053 – Writing a Journal – Self-Object Transference – Collective Grief

Counselling Tutor Podcast 053 – Writing a Journal – Self-Object Transference – Collective Grief

053 – Writing a Journal – Self-Object Transference – Collective Grief In episode 53 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken and Rory provide tips on journal-writing. ‘Theory with Rory’ looks at self-object and self-object transference (from the self-psychology movement). Finally, the presenters discuss the phenomenon of collective grief.

Read More

050 – Vocabulary in Counselling – Redecision Therapy – Dealing with Conflict

Counselling Tutor Podcast Ep050 – Vocabulary in Counselling – Redecision Therapy – Dealing with Conflict

050 – Vocabulary in Counselling – Redecision Therapy – Dealing with Conflict In episode 50 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Ken Kelly describes the benefits of expanding your vocabulary. ‘Theory with Rory’ looks at redecision therapy, a school of transactional analysis. Last but not least, the presenters discuss the role and experience of conflict in…

Read More

040 – Personal Boundaries – Melanie Klein’s Object Relations Theory – Diversity

Counselling Tutor Podcast Ep40: Personal Boundaries – Melanie Klein’s Object Relations Theory – Diversity

040 – Personal Boundaries – Melanie Klein’s Object Relations Theory – Diversity In episode 40 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly discuss personal boundaries for counsellors. ‘Theory with Rory’ explains object relations theory, as developed by Melanie Klein. Finally, the presenters talk about diversity in the counselling room. FREE Download: Object…

Read More

039 – First Sessions with Clients – Integrative versus Eclectic Therapy – Measuring Client Progress

Counselling Tutor Podcast Episode 39: First Sessions with Clients – Integrative versus Eclectic Therapy – Measuring Client Progress

039 – First Sessions with Clients – Integrative versus Eclectic Therapy – Measuring Client Progress In episode 39 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly talk about meeting new clients for the first time. ‘Theory with Rory’ examines the difference between integrative and eclectic therapy. To conclude, the presenters talk about ways…

Read More

036 – Using Counselling Qualifications Overseas and in Other Roles – Congruence – Funding for Counselling Training

Counselling Tutor Podcast Ep36: Using Counselling Qualifications Overseas and in Other Roles – Congruence – Funding for Counselling Training

036 – Using Counselling Qualifications Overseas and in Other Roles – Congruence – Funding for Counselling Training In episode 36 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly discuss the viability of using counselling qualifications in other countries and in other areas of work. ‘Theory with Rory’ looks at congruence, and then the…

Read More

035 – When a Client Judges You – Psychological Contact – When a Client Cries

CT Podcast Ep_035 – When a Client Judges You – Psychological Contact – When a Client Cries

035 – When a Client Judges You – Psychological Contact – When a Client Cries In episode 35 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly discuss how to deal with clients who show prejudice towards you. ‘Theory with Rory’ explains the ‘hidden condition’ of psychological contact. Last, the presenters talk about what…

Read More

Recent Developments in Person-Centred Therapy

Recent Developments in Person-Centred Therapy: Carl Rogers and Beyond Recent developments in person-centred therapy have been cited in a number of books, in particular The Tribes of the Person-Centred Nation. Written by well-known voices in the world of humanistic therapy such as Nick Baker and Mick Cooper, it explores how the work and thinking of Carl Rogers developed…

Read More

034 – Safeguarding Computer Data – Margaret Warner and Fragile Process – Confidentiality in Counselling

CT Podcast Ep34_Safeguarding Computer Data – Margaret Warner and Fragile Process – Confidentiality in Counselling

034 – Safeguarding Computer Data – Margaret Warner and Fragile Process – Confidentiality in Counselling In episode 34 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly talk about how to store digital backups of notes and documents securely. ‘Theory with Rory’ looks into Margaret Warner’s work on fragile process. Finally, the presenters discuss…

Read More

033 – Counsellors in Schools – Postmodernism in Therapy – Insurance for Counsellors

CT Podcast Ep33: Counsellors in Schools – Postmodernism in Therapy – Insurance for Counsellors

033 – Counsellors in Schools – Postmodernism in Therapy – Insurance for Counsellors In episode 33 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly talk about the growth of counselling in schools. ‘Theory with Rory’ decodes ‘postmodernism’ and discusses how this affects the world of counselling and psychotherapy. Finally, the presenters discuss the…

Read More

032 – Recent Changes in Counselling – Thematic Apperception Test – Using Transitional Objects

CT Podcast Ep32: Recent Changes in Counselling – Thematic Apperception Test – Using Transitional Objects

032 – Recent Changes in Counselling – Thematic Apperception Test – Using Transitional Objects In episode 32 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly talk about recent changes in the world of counselling. ‘Theory with Rory’ then examines thematic apperception tests. Last, the presenters discuss the use of transitional objects.   Recent…

Read More

Phenomenology Person Centred Counselling

Phenomenology in Counselling Carl Rogers, the ‘founding father’ of humanistic counselling embraced Phenomenology in the Person Centred counselling model. Phenomenology is an approach in philosophy which concentrates on the study of consciousness and how we experience the world, it focuses on: Individual perception Conscious experience Developing meanings from our perceptions Frame of reference Free Download – Experience phenomenology yourself…

Read More

Counselling-Frame of Reference

How to develop empathic understanding Counselling-frame of reference Counselling-frame of reference was first used by Carl Rogers, the founder of person-centred therapy, in 1959. He believed: “The state of empathy, or being empathic, is to perceive the internal frame of reference of another with accuracy and with the emotional components and meanings which pertain thereto…

Read More

029 – Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – Elisabeth Kübler-Ross –Student Overwhelm

Counselling Tutor Podcast Ep 29: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – Elisabeth Kübler-Ross –Student Overwhelm

029 – Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – Elisabeth Kübler-Ross –Student Overwhelm In episode 29 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly discuss post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). ‘Theory with Rory’ takes a look at the life and work of Elisabeth Kübler-Ross. Finally, the presenters discuss the feelings of overwhelm often faced by students of…

Read More

028 – Online Counselling – Cognitive Dissonance Theory – Referring Clients

028 – Online Counselling – Cognitive Dissonance Theory – Referring Clients In episode 28 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly discuss online counselling. ‘Theory with Rory’ focuses on cognitive dissonance, and the presenters end by discussing onward referrals in counselling. Download your copy of the Cognitive Dissonance OverviewClick here to download…

Read More

024 – Choosing Your Modality – Irrational Thoughts – Building a Website 1 – Dealing with Personal Triggers

CT Ep 24

024 – Choosing Your Modality – Irrational Thoughts – Building a Website 1 – Dealing with Personal Triggers In episode 24 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly discuss how to choose the modality you will practise. ‘Theory with Rory’ looks at irrational thoughts, and ‘Person-Centred Business’ explains how to build a…

Read More

022 – Client Notes and Confidentiality – Actualising Tendency – Offering a Free First Meeting – Research in Practice

CSR Client Notes & Confidentiality_Actualising Tendency

022 – Client Notes and Confidentiality – Actualising Tendency – Offering a Free First Meeting – Research in Practice In episode 22 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly talk about client confidentiality and its many grey areas. ‘Theory with Rory’ looks at the actualising tendency, and ‘Person-Centred Business’ considers offering a…

Read More

018 – Theory and Practice – Five-Relationship Model – Business Planning – Qualitative and Quantitative Research

018 – Theory and Practice – Five-Relationship Model – Business Planning – Qualitative and Quantitative Research In episode 18 – as the Counselling Tutor Podcast comes of age! – Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly discuss how to deal with a mismatch between theory and practice. ‘Theory with Rory’ looks at Petruska Clarkson’s five-relationship model, while…

Read More

015 – Counselling Young People – Scripts, Injunctions and Drivers – Appropriate Referrals – Progression

015 – Counselling Young People – Scripts, Injunctions and Drivers – Appropriate Referrals – Progression In episode 15 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly cover the topic of counselling children and adolescents. ‘Theory with Rory’ takes a look at the transactional-analysis (TA) theory of scripts, injunctions and drivers, and Ken speaks…

Read More

014 – Assignment Referrals – 19 Propositions 2 – Rapport-Building – Eclectic versus Integrative Counselling

014 – Assignment Referrals – 19 Propositions 2 – Rapport-Building – Eclectic versus Integrative Counselling In episode 14 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly look at assignment referrals, and what learning we can take from these. Rory then continues his decoding of Carl Rogers’ 19 propositions, and ‘Skills with Ken’ discusses…

Read More

012 – Self-Actualisation – Solving Ethical Problems – Seven Stages Of Process in Practice 2 – Difference between Counselling and Psychotherapy

012 – Self-Actualisation – Solving Ethical Problems – Seven Stages Of Process in Practice 2 – Difference between Counselling and Psychotherapy In episode 12 of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes and Ken Kelly look at Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Rory presents an approach to solving ethical problems, while Ken continues his application of Carl…

Read More

010 – REBT – Endings in Counselling – Ethics versus Culture

010 – REBT – Endings in Counselling – Ethics versus Culture In the tenth episode of the Counselling Tutor Podcast, Rory Lees-Oakes take a close look at Albert Ellis’s rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT), while Ken Kelly explores endings in counselling. In ‘Ask Ken and Rory’, our presenters debate ethics versus culture in counselling. Download your…

Read More

Petruska Clarkson – 5 Relationship Model

On the 21st of May 2006, Petruska Clarkson, who developed the 5 relationship model, died alone in a hotel room in Amsterdam. She was 58 years old when she took her own life. Born in South Africa, she came to England in 1976 and became an authoritative voice in the world of psychotherapy, specifically developing…

Read More

Shame in Psychotherapy

Shame in psychotherapy is one of the most powerful emotions clients can experience, and perhaps the most contradictory and difficult to work with as a therapist. One of the most powerful reflections on shame was quoted by AdamAppleton a writer of personal development books who had suffered an abusive childhood; “Share whatever it is you’re ashamed…

Read More
Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from our team.

You have Successfully Subscribed!