Counselling Theories Compare and Contrasted
In this section, we are going to look at three different forms of counselling, how they compare and how they differ.
The first thing to consider is that all counsellors, no matter which model of counselling they practise, should offer the core conditions discussed in the section on person-centred therapy.
The main difference is that transactional analysis and REBT counsellors use additional techniques, whereas person-centred therapists believe that the core conditions are not only necessary but also sufficient for the client to heal themselves.
In the grid below, you will see how the therapies compare
|Carl Rogers||Eric Berne||Albert Ellis|
|Humanistic school||Psychodynamic school||Behavioural school|
|Here and now||Presenting past||How we think|
|Counsellor believes the client is an expert on themselves and helps the client gain self-acceptance||Counsellor is an ‘expert’ and helps the client to realise how childhood experiences affect their life today||Counsellor is an ‘expert’ and helps the client to think more rationally about life|
|Believes that humans can self-heal if the core conditions are in place||The basis of the model is parent, adult and child ego states||The basis of the model is action, belief and consequence|
|Core conditions are|
necessary and sufficient
|Core conditions are desirable||Core conditions are desirable|
|The relationship between the client and the counsellor is the most important aspect of the therapy succeeding||Counsellor teaches techniques, sets homework and uses worksheets to aid the therapy||Counsellor teaches techniques, sets homework and uses worksheets to aid the therapy|